The KIT Institute of Biomedical Engineering is using mathematical equations to develop a computer-based heart model for the targeted treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, thus improving medical research and the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
In Germany, about 1.8 million people suffer from atrial fibrillation – the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia. Although atrial fibrillation is not immediately life-threatening, it is associated with an increased risk of stroke. Today, it is treated with medication or catheter ablation, where a catheter is inserted into the heart and the tissue causing the disease is heated to scar it and render it non-functional. Ablation helps about three quarters of all patients to recover, but is unsuccessful for the rest.